Periodontitis (or pyorrhea) is caused by inflammation or infection of the gums (gingivitis). If it's not detected early and treated, it extends to the periodontal ligaments and the bone that supports the teeth. Teeth loosen and begin to fall out gradually; the jaw begins a process of irreparable atrophy.
This disease could have other negative effects such as cardiovascular problems or complications in pregnancy and with diabetics.
Periodontitis (or pyorrhea) has a few warning signs:
It is diagnosed with a clinical examination, including an x-ray and a microscopic examination of the subgingival plate. At Clínica Cotten, we have identified the bacterial and parasitic flora responsible for periodontitis. Microbiological analysis with microscopes determines what type of germs, parasites and/or bacteria must be treated.
The treatment aims to reduce the inflammation and fight against germs, parasites and bacteria that live under gums.
In the majority of cases surgery is not required and it’s only carried out for severe cases of periodontitis. As a general rule, treatment is non-invasive and painless and it doesn’t require the opening of the gingiva.
Success in treating periodontitis increases when it is detected and treated in time.